Early Detection

Early Detection

Taking action and practicing healthy behaviors is just one way to reduce your risks for many cancers. Detecting cancer at an early stage is another way. You can do this by being aware of your body and paying attention to unusual changes, and by observing Screening Guidelines.

Here are some of the symptoms for the most common cancers. If you experience them for more than two weeks, check with your doctor. Remember, detecting cancer early can greatly increase your chances of a successful treatment.

Breast Cancer
  • New lump in the breast or armpit. Enlarged lymph nodes. Changes in breast size, shape or skin texture. Skin redness. Dimpling or puckering. Nipple changes or discharge. Scaliness
  • Nipple pulling to one side or a change in direction.

Many breast changes, including lumps, are not cancer, but if you notice one or more than two weeks, see your doctor.

Colorectal Cancer
  • Rectal bleeding. Blood in the stool or toilet after a bowel movement. Prolonged diarrhea or constipation. A change in the size or shape of your stool. Abdominal pain or a cramping. Pain in your lower stomach.
  • A feeling of discomfort or urge to have a bowel movement when there is no need.
Endometrial Cancer (lining of the uterus)
  • Bleeding after menopause (in more than 90% of patients). Irregular vaginal bleeding before menopause.
  • Change in bowel or bladder habits.
Cervical Cancer
  • Bleeding after intercourse Abnormal bleeding between periods.
  • Excessive vaginal discharge.
Prostate Cancer
  • Frequent urination. Hard time when starting to urinate, or trying to hold back. Not being able to urinate. Weak or interrupted urine flow. Painful or burning urination. Blood in the urine. Difficulty having an erection. Blood in the semen.
  • Frequent pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips or upper thighs.

Many prostate symptoms are not cancer, but if you notice one or more of these symptoms for more than two weeks, see your doctor.

Testicular Cancer
  • Small, hard lump that is often painless. Change in consistency in the testicles. Feeling of heaviness in the scrotum. Dull ache in the lower abdomen or the groin. Sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum.
  • Pain or discomfort in a testicle or in the scrotum.

Beginning at age 18, men should examine their testicles monthly. Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in young men between the ages of 18 and 35.

Oral Cancer
  • White or velvety red patches in the mouth.
  • Lumps or hardening of tissue in the mouth.

If you smoke, chew or dip tobacco, or drink alcohol, you should examine your mouth regularly.

Skin Cancer
  • Change on the skin such as a:
    • New spot
    • Spot that changes in size, shape or color.
  • Flat, red spot that is rough, dry or scaly.
  • Sore that doesn't heal. Spot or sore that changes in sensation, itchiness, tenderness or pain. Small, smooth, shiny, pale or waxy lump. Firm red lump that may bleed or develops a crust.
Lung Cancer
  • Clubbing of fingers.
  • Cough that will not go away and gets worse over time. Constant chest pain, or arm and shoulder pain. Coughing up blood. Shortness of breath, wheezing or hoarseness. Repeated episodes of pneumonia or bronchitis. Swelling of the neck and face. Loss of appetite and/or weight loss. Fatigue.

F. Martin

"Today, we continue to put all our trust in Dr. Carabulea, a doctor on the cutting edge of his medical field combined with the gentle demeanor of a family physician that is hard to find these days."